Leiwen Jiang                                                                                                                                      

Professor and Director

Asian Demographic Research Institute

Shanghai University

Narrative Biography                                                                

Leiwen Jiang is professor and founding director of Asian Demographic Research Institute (ADRI) at Shanghai University. He also leads the ADRI’s research pillar on Environment and Climate Change. His research involves methodological work on improving demographic components of integrated assessment modeling on environment and climate change policies, and explores the environmental implications of socioeconomic and demographic dynamics. He has been developing the Community Demographic Models of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) for the broader environmental and climate change research communities, and evaluating the influence of socio-demographic variables on various aspects of environmental issues.  His funded research projects explicitly explore the socio-demographic determinants of energy transition in the developing world; study the urbanization processes of different phases and forms and their effects on energy consumption, land use, greenhouse gas emissions, and wildfire risks; simulate the interactions between demographic dynamics (particularly migration) and land use and water resources; and analyze household consumption patterns and other behavioral changes and their consequences on the environment and climate systems.


He taught at Brown University and Peking University the courses such as Population and Environment, Demographic Methods and Techniques, Classic Readings on Population. He also worked at several other academic institutions including International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Germany, Indiana University in the US, and was Chief Demographer at Population Action International. He chairs the Scholarship Program of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) WGIII Technical Committee, and servers as Theme Convener of International Union for Scientific Studies of Population (IUSSP) Conference 2017 on Population, Consumption and the Environment. He was also lead author of IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, and member of IUSSP Scientific Panel on Climate Change.





1988    Bachelor of Law (Sociology), Peking University

1991    Master of Law (Sociology), Peking University

1999    Ph.D., Environmental Sciences (Demography), University of Amsterdam

2000    Post-doc fellow, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research



Main Professional Employment and Experience


Professor and Director, Asian Demographic Research Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China


Project Scientist III, Integrated Assessment Modeling Group, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA


Chief Demographer on Population and Climate Change/Environment, Population Action International, Washington DC, USA


Assistant Professor (Research with base funding), Watson Institute for International Studies and Faculty Associate of Population Study and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, USA


Associate Professor, Institute for Population Research, Peking University, Beijing, China


Post-doc Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany


Research Assistant and Lecturer, Institute of Population Research, Peking University, Beijing, China




Selected Publications


Knorr W., A. Aerneth, and L. Jiang, 2016: Demographic control of global future fire risk. Nature Climate Change: doi:10.1038/nclimate2999.

Jiang, L. and B.C. O’Neill, 2015: Global urbanization projections for the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways. Global Environmental Changes: doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.03.008

Knorr W., L. Jiang, and A. Arneth, 2016: Climate, CO2 and human population impacts on global wildfire emissions. Biogeosicences, 13, 267-282.

Nawrotzki, R., and Jiang L., 2015: Indirectly Estimating International Net Migration Flows by Age and Gender: The Community Demographic Model International Migration (CDM-IM) Dataset. Historical Methods 48 (3): 113-127.

O'Neill B, Jiang L. Gerland P., 2015: Plausible reductions in future population growth and implications for the environment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112 (6): E506.

Runfola D., Romero-Lankao P., Jiang L., Hunter L., Nawrotzki R., Sanchez L., 2015: The influence of internal migration on exposure to extreme weather events in Mexico. Society & Natural Resources 29 (6): 750-754.

Jiang, Leiwen. 2014: Internal consistency of demographic assumptions in the shared socioeconomic pathways. Population and Environment. 35(3): 261-285.

Jiang, Leiwen and Karen Hardee. 2014: Women’s education, family planning, or both? Application of multistate demographic projections in India. International Journal of Population Research, 2014: 1-9.

B. O’Neill, Brant Liddle, Leiwen Jiang, Kirk R. Smith, Shonali Pachauri, Michael Dalton, Regina Fuchs. 2012: Demographic change and emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, Lancet. 380 (9837): 157-164.

O’Neill, B.C., X. Ren, L. Jiang, and M.G. Dalton, 2012: The effect of urbanization on energy use in India and China in the iPETS model. Energy Economics 34, S339–S345.

W. Lutz, W. Butz, M. Castro, P. Dasgupta, P. Demeny, I. Ehrlich, S. Giorguli, D. Habte, W. Haug, A. Hayes, M. Herrmann, L. Jiang, D. King, D. Kotte, M. Lees, P. Makinwa-Adebusoye, G. McGranahan, V. Mishra, M. Montgomery, K. Riahi, S. Scherbov, X. peng, B. Yeoh, 2012: Demography’s role in sustainable development, Science 335 (670): 918.

Krey, V., O’Neill, B.C., van Ruijven, B., Chaturvedi, V., Daioglou, V., Eom, J., Jiang, L., Nagai, Y., Pachauri, S., Ren, X., 2012: Urban and rural energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in Asia. Energy Economics, 34 (S3): S272-83.

Jiang, Leiwen and Karen Hardee, 2011: How do recent population trends matter to climate change, Population Research and Policy Review, 30(2): 287-312.

Orenstein, Daniel, Leiwen Jiang, and Steve Hamburg, 2011: An elephant in the planning room: political-demography and its influence on sustainable land use planning in drylands, Journal of Arid Environments, 75(6): 596-611.

O’Neill, B.C., Dalton, M., Fuchs, R., Jiang, L., Pachauri, S., and K. Zigova, 2010: The impact of demographic change on carbon emissions: A global assessment.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (41), 17521-17526.

Huang, Youqian and Leiwen Jiang, 2009: Housing inequality in transitional Beijing, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33(4):936-956.   

Pachauri, Shonali and Leiwen Jiang, 2008: The household energy transition in India and China, Energy Policy, 36(11): 4022-4035.

Dalton, M., B. O’Neill, A. Prskawetz, L. Jiang, and J. Pitkin, 2008: Population Aging and Future Carbon Emissions in the United States, Energy Economics, 30(2): 642-675.

Zeng, Yi, Zhenglian Wang, Leiwen Jiang, and Danan Gu, 2008: Projection of Family Households and Elderly Living Arrangement in the Context of Rapid Population Aging in China – A Demographic Window of Opportunity until 2030 and Serious Challenges thereafter, Genus, LXIV, No. 1-2: 9-36.

Sherbinin, A. de, D. Carr, S. Cassels and Leiwen Jiang, 2007: Population and Environment, Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 32 (5): 1-29.

Jiang, Leiwen and Brian O’Neill, 2007: Impact of demographic trend on US household size and structure, Population and Development Review, 33 (3): 429-656.

Jiang, Leiwen, 2006: Living condition of floating population in urban China, Housing Studies, Vol. 21, No. 5, 719–744.

Jiang, Leiwen, Tong Yufen, Zhao Zhijie, Li Tianhong, Liao Jianhua, 2005: Water resources, land exploitation and population dynamics in arid areas – the case of Tarim River Basin in Xinjiang of China, Population and Environment, 26(5):471-503.

Jiang, Leiwen and Brian O’Neill, 2004: Energy transition in rural China, International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 21(1/2): 2-26.

Prskawetz, Alexia, Leiwen Jiang, and Brian C. O'Neill. 2004. Demographic composition and projections of car use in Austria, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2004, p. 274-326.

Jiang, Leiwen and Brian O’Neill, 2004: Towards a new model for probabilistic household forecasts, International Statistical Review, 72(1): 51-64.



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